An Internet Protocol Address is a numerical address assigned to individual hardware terminal apparatus like computers, printers, scanners, etc. which form parts of network using Internet Protocol for communicating. These addresses are allocated and managed by Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) which has appointed five regional Internet registries (RIRs) to allocate IP address sectors or group of sectors to Internet service providers and other agencies. IP address facilitates two primary jobs, host or network interface determination and location addressing and is defined in 2 standards IP Version 4 (IPv4) that uses 32-bit number and IP Version 6 (IPv6) that uses 128 bit number.

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